From time to time, I read newspaper articles and get annoyed. When I read this article, published today in the Dominion Post, the hairs on the back of my neck stood up. Do you notice anything odd or misleading? The article is easy to read and very accessible. The title is compelling, and the information is seemingly helpful. However, aspects of the article are poorly researched and, quite frankly, the suggestions do boards, owners and governance a disservice. Bill Hale, a partner at Deloitte, should know better. Allow me to explain, using one of the ten traits for business growth mentioned by Hale:
Governance - A well-governed company is one that is under ‘adult supervision' - the founders are surrounded by people who have ‘been there and done that' before.
Actually, this is not governance at all. This description perpetrates a serious misconception. Boards are not minders or coaches and governance is not a mentoring service, although many boards behave this way. Individuals directors or external advisors may perform these roles, but not boards should not. The concept of a board was established as a result of the separate of ownership and control—when absentee owners (investors, if you will) needed something to represent their interests and achieve their purposes. A seminal article, written by Berle and Means in 1932, makes the case very well. The board is an organisational-level structure: the purpose of which is to influence the achievement of performance outcomes, in accordance with the wishes of shareholders. Boards are responsible and accountable to the owners. Further, they are required (by law, in New Zealand, at least) to act in the best interests of the company.
Can I suggest that corporate governance is actually a mechanism, through which business performance outcomes are achieved. Governance is not some structure or process as many (including Mr Hale it would seem) suggest, and the terms 'governance' and 'board' are not interchangeable. The activities and actions of boards (what they do), including setting strategy; making decisions; monitoring performance; and, hiring the CEO (for example), are processes—events that occur over time. Further, companies are made up of people, and people make choices. Consequently, the desired results—revenue growth in the case of the companies mentioned in this article—may or may not occur as a result of governance interventions, despite the best intentions of boards and managers—or anyone else that wishes to contribute.
Thoughts on corporate governance, strategy and effective board practice; our place in the world; and, other things that catch my attention.